Brno Exhibition Centre (Brněnské výstaviště) (1927)

Feed image of Brno Exhibition Centre

#Exhibition hall #Brno #1927

Architects

Bohuslav Fuchs, Josef Gočár, Josef Havlíček, Pavel Janák, Oldřich Starý, Bohumír František Antonín Čermák, Emil Králík, Josef Kalous

Developers

Výstavní akciová společnost Brno

Address and directions

Výstaviště 405/1
647 00 Brno, Czechia

Public transport: Výstaviště, hlavní vstup / Výstaviště – vstup G2 / Křížkovského

Access: Public area during exhibitions or appointments

Today's use: Exhibitions, events

With this exhibition centre Brno became Czechia's most important fair city.

Description

The buildings in the first phase are all located in the eastern part of the exhibition centre. Not all of the pavilions and exhibition buildings built in 1928 are still standing today, but many of them are.

The preserved buildings include:the semi-circular entrance area. Right at the entrance is the iconic Hall A by Josef Kalous. It follows the V-shaped path system in its floor plan and begins with the rotunda. The interior impresses with its high concrete struts and large glass surfaces. Some refer to it as a trade fair cathedral, while others may think of railway station architecture.Another striking feature of the site is that it was originally used by the Brno sample fairs by Bohumír F. A. Čermák. The dominant feature is the observation tower, which was restored to its original state after the reconstruction in 1995/96.

Other pavilions on the exhibition ground are:

the Brno Pavilion by Bohuslav Fuchs, the Moravian Pavilion by Vlastislav Chroust - both with red clinkers and with the same height. In 1928 was added the Prague Pavilion made of wood, that was not preserved. Another Prague style building is the Pavilion of the Academy of Arts (Pavilon Akademie výtvarných umění by Josef Gočár. The Prague arcchitects were also represented by the Pavilion of Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design (Pavilon Umělecko-průmyslové školy) by Pavel Janák. Emil Králík designed the Theatre and Café.

Even apartment buildings are part of this centre: a smaller family house by Oldřich Starý and an apartment building by Josef Havlíček.

Description

The buildings in the first phase are all located in the eastern part of the exhibition centre. Not all of the pavilions and exhibition buildings built in 1928 are still standing today, but many of them are.

The preserved buildings include:the semi-circular entrance area. Right at the entrance is the iconic Hall A by Josef Kalous. It follows the V-shaped path system in its floor plan and begins with the rotunda. The interior impresses with its high concrete struts and large glass surfaces. Some refer to it as a trade fair cathedral, while others may think of railway station architecture.Another striking feature of the site is that it was originally used by the Brno sample fairs by Bohumír F. A. Čermák. The dominant feature is the observation tower, which was restored to its original state after the reconstruction in 1995/96.

Other pavilions on the exhibition ground are:

the Brno Pavilion by Bohuslav Fuchs, the Moravian Pavilion by Vlastislav Chroust - both with red clinkers and with the same height. In 1928 was added the Prague Pavilion made of wood, that was not preserved. Another Prague style building is the Pavilion of the Academy of Arts (Pavilon Akademie výtvarných umění by Josef Gočár. The Prague arcchitects were also represented by the Pavilion of Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design (Pavilon Umělecko-průmyslové školy) by Pavel Janák. Emil Králík designed the Theatre and Café.

Even apartment buildings are part of this centre: a smaller family house by Oldřich Starý and an apartment building by Josef Havlíček.

History

A competition was organised in 1923 for the redesign of the older exhibition grounds. The plan that led to the current shape of the Brno Exhibition Centre was drawn up by Josef Kalous in 1926 and revised by Emil Králík, used as a basis for the design of buildings by other architects. The site is one of the largest contiguous areas of buildings from the interwar period in Czechia. It was a symbol of the Czechoslovak state to showcase the country's products and achievements. The opening on 26 May 1928 with the exhibition of contemporary culture commemorated the 10-year existence of the Czechoslovak Republic. President Tomáš G. Masaryk attended the inauguration. Brno thus became a trade fair city in 1928.

The Brno Exhibition Centre lost some of its importance in the late 1930s. But than the 1950s and 1990s in particular saw extensive expansions of the site. Today, the historic buildings are no longer necessarily suitable for trade fairs. However, they are used for events and festivals in the concept of the trade fair administration, e.g. Pavilion A.

History

A competition was organised in 1923 for the redesign of the older exhibition grounds. The plan that led to the current shape of the Brno Exhibition Centre was drawn up by Josef Kalous in 1926 and revised by Emil Králík, used as a basis for the design of buildings by other architects. The site is one of the largest contiguous areas of buildings from the interwar period in Czechia. It was a symbol of the Czechoslovak state to showcase the country's products and achievements. The opening on 26 May 1928 with the exhibition of contemporary culture commemorated the 10-year existence of the Czechoslovak Republic. President Tomáš G. Masaryk attended the inauguration. Brno thus became a trade fair city in 1928.

The Brno Exhibition Centre lost some of its importance in the late 1930s. But than the 1950s and 1990s in particular saw extensive expansions of the site. Today, the historic buildings are no longer necessarily suitable for trade fairs. However, they are used for events and festivals in the concept of the trade fair administration, e.g. Pavilion A.

Sources

Sources

Construction types
masoned reinforced concrete concrete skeleton
Facades
clinker brick plaster glass concrete
Windows
casement fixed ribbon
Roof
flat shed cupola curved
Details
flagpole glass block railing tower roof terrace sculpture canopy lettering gallery skylight
Position
along a street periphere/neighbourhood

Impressions

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