Dammerstock (1929)

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#Housing estate #Karlsruhe #1929

Architects

Walter Gropius, Caspar Maria Grod, Wilhelm Riphahn, Franz Roeckle, Wilhelm Lochstampfer, Friedrich (Fritz) Rößler, Walther Merz, Hans Detlev Rösiger, Otto Haesler

Address and directions

Bussardweg 27A-50, 52; Dammerstockstraße 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12-16, 18-22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32,, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44; Danziger Straße 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 14; Falkenweg 37, 39, 41-53, 55-68, 70, 72; Maria-Matheis-Straße; Nürnberger Straße 1, 3, 5; Saarbrücker Straße; Sperberweg 4, ,6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 45, 47
76199 Karlsruhe, Germany

Public transport: Dammerstock

Access: Museum

Today's use: Apartments, museum, shops, restaurant

Karlsruhe's huge project for a housing estate

Description

This website shows which architect was responsible for which buildings. All buildings are constructed as a steal skeleton construction, developed by Otto Haesler and already used for the construction of the housing estate Kassel-Rothenberg.

The area on the east was built with the higher, four-storey buildings by Gropius, Haesler and Riphahn. The corner building at Nürnberger Straße 1, 3, 5 with a restaurant, residential building and washhouse represents a special type within the settlement. The former washhouse originally supplied the households with heating and hot water. Today the upper area is used for offices, originally the residents dried their laundry there.

The second row on Dammerstockstockstraße is dominated by higher apartment houses. The houses with the numbers 46-58 are designed by Gropius as houses with single-loaded corridors. The apartments have an living area of ​​only 47 square meters. Entering the apartment from an external hallway, as a main idea, saves space.

The houses in the central and western part are designed as terraced houses, mostly being single family houses. Among these houses, the two buildings at Sperberweg 45 and 47 designed by Fischer are particularly striking with a terrace on the first floor, which lies within the building structure. Such solutions are widely used in the 21st century. For the year 1929 it is the first example for us.

Fischer's constructions are eye-catching, at Bussardweg 44-52 he designed with Merz long windows as ribbon windows for the house's first floors.

 

 

History

The city of Karlsruhe planned this new district called Dammerstock in 1928. Walter Gropius won the first prize and planned the housing estate in general. Eight other architects supported him. We present on our site only the buildings with 228 apartments that were completed before 1933. The project came to a standstill due to the global economic crisis in 1929. In Karlsruhe, these smaller apartments should be available to people with low and middle incomes. The tenants started to live here since October 1929. It was not until 1934 that construction work resumed and the remaining vacant lots were gradually built on until 1949.

The housing is listed and the little pavilion houses an exibition.

Sources

Construction types
reinforced concrete
Facades
plaster
Windows
casement hopper pivot vertical ribbon
Roof
flat
Details
balcony flagpole illumination railing winter garden roof terrace lettering single-loaded corridor
Position
along a street periphere/neighbourhood
Storeys
4

Impressions

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