After the end of Austria-Hungary in 1918, the Czech Orthodox Church first became heavily involved in the Czechoslovak Hussite Church. However, the Orthodox wing could not agree with the liberal wing of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church. Therefore the Czechoslovak Orthodox Community in Prague decided to become a part of the Serbian Orthodox Church (to which it actually belonged even before) and the Prague Diocese was established. Matěj Pavlík became the first bishop with the name Gorazd.
Since Decembre 1992 until today the church is called Pravoslavná církev v českých zemích a na Slovensku (Orthodox Church of the Czech Lands and Slovakia).