Theodor Fischer

May 28, 1862 in Schweinfurt, Germany
Dec. 25, 1938 in Munich (München), Germany

Theodor Fischer worked at the Reichstag's construction office in Berlin from 1886 to 1889 before joining Munich's city expansion department in 1893. He developed a significant urban development plan for Munich during this time. Fischer then taught at Stuttgart University of Technology from 1901 to 1908, influencing a generation of architects known as the "Stuttgart School." He was a teacher of a lot of well-known architects, like Erich Mendelsohn, Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud or Hugo Häring.

In 1907, Fischer co-founded and subsequently served as the first chairman of the German Werkbund committee, and he was a member of the German Garden City Association. His work is characterized by his engagement with the consequences of the Gründerzeit era and the transition away from historicism at the onset of modern architecture.

Returning to the Technical University of Munich in 1908, he advocated for architectural education reform and defended the Bauhaus movement against Nazi criticism. Despite retirement in 1928, Fischer remained active in architectural discourse, although overshadowed by other architects in Munich post-World War I.