Five points of modern architecture (Cinq points de l'architecture moderne), 1926


Le Corbusier's architectural manifesto from 1926 may guide the definition of modernism in architecture:

  • Pilots– replacement of supporting walls by a grid of reinforced concrete columnsthat bears the structural load is the basis of the new aesthetic.
  • Free designing of the ground plan – the absence of supporting walls – means the house is unrestrained in its internal use.
  • Free design of the facade – separating the exterior of the building from its structural function – sets the facade free from structural constraints.
  • Horizontal window (ribbon windows) which cuts the facade along its entire length, lights rooms equally.
  • Roof gardens on a flat roof can serve a domestic purpose while providing essential protection to the concrete roof.