Germania (1930)

Feed image of Germania

#Multifunctional building #Cheb #1930


Karl Mattusch


Georg Lorenz Köstler

Address and directions

Svobody 561/16
350 02 Cheb, Czechia

Public transport: Křižovatka

Access: Public building, free entry during working hours

Today's use: Apartments, shops

The only functionalist house in Cheb


The house is a mixture of light and heavy-looking architecture. The areas that seem light are the lower floors. The ground floor and first floor are designed as shops. Large window panes are used on the first floor for a better effect. Visually, the second floor is also included in the lower zone, as it was also clad with black opal glass.The two floors are further emphasized by being designed as a protruding oriel. The facade of the three upper floors differ from the lower zone, because it is covered with ceramic tiles and the windows are slightly smaller. All that window zones are surrounded by massive cornices, which make the building appear bulging. The house once featured an accessible roof terrace. With the architect coming from Cheb, in terms of style, the house can be assigned to building projects from Prague.


This is the town's only house in modern style of the 1930s. It was built in 1930 for the use as a department store and apartment house in one of the town's main shopping streets. 

The owner wanted to have the older house adapted to his needs at this point. In the end it would probably have been too expensive, which is why the old house was demolished and this building was built in 1930. The grand opening took place on November 15, 1930. The particularly anti-Czech and pro-German attitude in the town was also reflected in the building's name Germania. The developer of the house was registered with this address in the town's address book in 1943. We assume that he lived in the house himself.

After World War II, the sales areas continued to be used for different products.

Until 1945 the predominantly German-speaking population in the Cheb region did not support new architectural trends. From 1933 and the seizure of power by the Nazis in Germany, building houses with flat roofs was even forbidden in this region, as Simona Marková writes in her diploma thesis Architektura Chebu v letech 1900-1945. Thus, we might venture the guess, that architecture in Czechoslovakia began to differ between 1933 and the end of World war II, depending on whether it was created in the German- or Czech-speaking environment.


glass concrete profiles ceramics
casement ribbon
balcony flagpole railing roof terrace lettering
along a street centre of a city/town/village


Gallery image of Germania Gallery image of Germania